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2023 Author: Malcolm Clapton | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-07-28 10:38
There are at least six arguments for. But do not forget to check if you have any contraindications.
Why you need to get vaccinated against COVID-19
1. The vaccine will lower your risk of contracting coronavirus
The effectiveness of the most popular Russian vaccine Sputnik V (Gam-COVID-Vac) is estimated by Denis Y. Logunov, Inna V. Dolzhikova, Dmitry V. Shcheblyakov, Amir I. Tukhvatulin, Olga V. Zubkova, Alina S. Dzharullaeva, et al. Safety and efficacy of an rAd26 and rAd5 vector ‑ based heterologous prime ‑ boost COVID ‑ 19 vaccine: an interim analysis of a randomized controlled phase 3 trial in Russia / The Lancet at 91.6%. This is how much risk is reduced in vaccinated people in Principles of Epidemiology in Public Health Practice, Third Edition An Introduction to Applied Epidemiology and Biostatistics. Lesson 3: Measures of Risk / CDC Getting Sick.
The level of protection you get after being vaccinated is even higher than if you had the disease and naturally produced antibodies. Sputnik V manufacturers claim Sputnik V. Clinical trials / Sputnikvaccine is this:
The level of virus-neutralizing antibodies in volunteers vaccinated with Sputnik V is 1, 3–1, 5 times higher than in patients who recovered from COVID-19.
Unfortunately, information on the effectiveness of two other Russian vaccines - EpiVacCorona and KoviVaca - has not yet been officially published. And, probably, it will differ from the data on "Sputnik V".
However, the effectiveness of drugs manufactured and approved for use in other countries is also different. But this does not change the general conclusion held by Can I still get COVID-19 after I'm vaccinated? / Mayo Clinic Evidence-Based Medicine World: In most cases, vaccination reliably protects against COVID-19.
2. The vaccine will protect against the Indian strain too
It is assumed B.1.617.2 Lineage Report / Outbreak.info that by the beginning of the summer the delta variant (aka Indian strain, viral line B.1.617.2) of coronavirus infection had displaced all other variants of SARS ‑ CoV ‑ 2 from Russia. The same information is voiced by officials. So, in mid-June, Moscow Mayor Sergei Sobyanin said Sergei Sobyanin: 89, 3% of patients in Moscow are infected with an aggressive version of the coronavirus / Channel One, that it is the delta version that was found in 89, 3% of people with COVID-19 in the capital.
The delta variant of the coronavirus is more aggressive and deadly than those previously recorded. But vaccination is able to protect against it, albeit with a slightly lesser effect than in the case of the original strain (the so-called alpha).
The Public Health England study, published Vaccines highly effective against B.1.617.2 variant after 2 doses / GOV. UK at the end of May, showed that even a single vaccination with AstraZeneca or Pfizer reduces the risk of disease by 33% (for the original alpha strain - by 50 %). And after two doses - by 60% and 88%, respectively.
That is, complete vaccination remains highly effective against the Indian strain.
The same applies to Sputnik V. Moreover, the developers of the most famous Russian vaccine claim that their vaccination is more effective against the delta variant than analogues.
3. Even if you get infected, the disease will go away easier
Vaccination reduces risks. But it doesn’t guarantee that you will definitely not get sick.
Cases of so-called Can I still get COVID-19 after I'm vaccinated? / Mayo Clinic "Vaccine breakthroughs" (when symptoms appear in a vaccinated person) do occur. They become more common in conditions of a surge in incidence, when there are too many infected people around the vaccinated and the viral load on the body increases.
Even if you have completed the full course of vaccination and developed antibodies to the coronavirus, the immune system may not have time to respond to a large-scale infectious attack. Therefore, the signs of COVID-19 also occur in vaccinated people.
But there is an important point. Thanks to vaccination, your immunity is already able to recognize the coronavirus and fight it back. Therefore, even if you get sick, you will carry the infection much faster and easier than you could. Perhaps the vaccine will save you from hospitalization and death.
4. Vaccination will provide protection for at least six months
How long does immunity last after COVID-19 vaccination? / Gavi American experts. With a remark: most likely, the immunity formed by the vaccine will be strong and will last much longer than six months. But so far, scientists are only collecting information to confirm this assumption.
The Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation also believes that the Ministry of Health recommended revaccination every six months with an increase in COVID-morbidity / Interfax post-vaccination immunity is strong. Revaccination, according to Russian doctors, is likely to be required. But not more often than once every six months - and then only on condition of a new wave of morbidity. If the number of infected is small, it is enough to repeat the vaccinations once a year.
5. Perhaps the vaccine you received will save the life of someone close to you
Vaccinations break the chain of infections. Actually, this is the meaning of mass vaccinations: to create conditions under which most people will not get sick and, accordingly, will not spread the infection further. This is called herd immunity.
If you get vaccinated and stop being part of the infection chain, it will reduce the viral load on those around you. This means that their risk of getting sick (including in a severe form) will also decrease.
6. The number of social restrictions will decrease for you
In Moscow, which in May and June was covered by an outbreak of the Indian strain, vaccination became voluntary-compulsory Compulsory vaccination against coronavirus in Moscow and the Moscow region. Main / TASS. In the sense that for some categories of citizens, vaccination is mandatory - or they will be denied the opportunity to go to their usual workplace. These people include:
- employees of the sphere of trade and catering establishments;
- workers of housing and communal services and power engineering;
- employees of social protection centers;
- drivers and conductors of public transport.
In addition, employees of beauty salons, children's entertainment centers, theaters, museums, client departments of banks and other organizations whose work is related to contacts with people were obliged to take root.
Restrictions also apply to everyday life. So, from June 28, only those visitors who present a QR code containing information about the vaccination received, the illness transferred in the last six months or the negative result of the PCR test.
Similar social norms are being introduced in others Academician Salavat Suleimanov: compulsory vaccination will work only at a short distance / Club of Regions. Federal expert network in regions, for example in Tula, Leningrad and Tver regions, on Sakhalin.
At least until the situation with the spread of coronavirus improves, vaccination can be a pass to the "normal" world - without severe social restrictions or financial losses.
When can there be doubts
In a general sense, everyone needs vaccination. However, there are categories of citizens who should or will have to refuse vaccination.
So, for now (this is important: clinical studies of Sputnik V for adolescents 12-17 years old have already been announced In Moscow, a study of the Sputnik V vaccine for adolescents / @ Moscow Headquarters / Telegram will begin) you will definitely not be vaccinated if you are under 18 years old: All three Russian drugs have this limitation. In addition to age, there are other contraindications. For example, pregnancy and lactation, hypersensitivity to any component of the vaccine, as well as any severe allergic reaction (anaphylaxis) in the past.
In addition, according to the Russian rules MU 220.127.116.115-02 Medical contraindications for preventive vaccinations with drugs from the national vaccination calendar / Federal Service for Supervision of Consumer Rights Protection and Human Wellbeing, vaccination should be postponed for any acute illness or exacerbation of chronic liver disorders, kidneys, cardiovascular and central nervous systems, as well as endocrine and autoimmune pathologies.
If in doubt whether you can get vaccinated, consult a physician. If you fall into the category of persons with contraindications Compulsory vaccination against coronavirus in Moscow and the Moscow region. The main thing / TASS for vaccination, you will be given a medical treatment.
The obligation to get vaccinated does not apply to those for whom vaccination is contraindicated.
From the TASS message
Talk with your doctor about the need for vaccinations even if you have recently been ill. In general, the transferred COVID-19 is not a contraindication for vaccination. Even if you have developed antibodies and there are many of them, the vaccine will not harm. Or maybe it will make your immunity even stronger.
However, there may be nuances related to your health condition or the treatment you received. You may need to postpone the vaccination for some time. Which one - discuss with the therapist.
This material was first published in December 2020. In June 2021, we updated the text.
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