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Why there are pains during menstruation and how to cope with them
Why there are pains during menstruation and how to cope with them

Why do you have to constantly suffer, is it worth taking pills and is it true that everything will pass if you give birth.

Why there are pains during menstruation and how to cope with them
Why there are pains during menstruation and how to cope with them

Where does menstruation pain come from?

The most common cause of pain during menstruation is Primary Painful Menstrual Periods: Causes, Treatments & More Menstrual cramps. This is the case when the symptoms are of an absolutely natural, physiological nature: unpleasant sensations arise not due to diseases, but by themselves. This is how it goes.

During menstruation, the uterus gets rid of the endometrium - the mucous membrane, which in this monthly cycle was not required for the development of the ovum. When this process is triggered, the muscular wall of the uterus begins to vigorously contract.

Most often, these contractions are felt as mild discomfort. But in some women, menstrual cramps are so severe that the pain seems unbearable and severely reduces the quality of life for Menstrual cramps.

What is the reason for this difference in sensations is not entirely clear. Period Pain has it that it's because of prostaglandins, chemicals that the body secretes to make the uterus contract. They also increase the sensitivity to pain.

Women with primary dysmenorrhea seem to have too much prostaglandins.

Among other things, these substances cause the smooth muscles of the gastrointestinal tract to contract. Therefore, nausea and diarrhea can be added to pain during menstruation.

Pain during menstruation can be associated with disease?

Primary dysmenorrhea is diagnosed if menstruation has always been painful since adolescence. If before everything was in order, and now suddenly there was or increased pain, we are talking about secondary Painful Menstrual Periods: Causes, Treatments & More dysmenorrhea.

In this case, the cause of the discomfort is most likely Menstrual cramps diseases of the genitourinary system.

  • Endometriosis
  • Fibroids, fibroids and other benign neoplasms in the uterus.
  • Adenomyosis.
  • Inflammatory diseases of the pelvic organs. Typically, these infections are caused by sexually transmitted bacteria.
  • Stenosis (narrowing) of the cervix.

In addition, sometimes periods become painful after the Period Pain of the intrauterine device is inserted.

Why does it hurt me, and my friend tolerates her period without problems?

You might just be out of luck. Primary dysmenorrhea is an individual feature of the body with which you need to learn to live.

If you suspect secondary dysmenorrhea, tactics change. We need to find out if illness is the cause of your suffering. If so, it is enough to cure it, and the pain will pass.

How to find out what the cause of pain during menstruation is in the disease?

Only with the help of a gynecologist. Be sure to see your doctor if Menstrual cramps is having any of the following conditions:

  • The pain is so intense that it regularly crosses out several days of the month from your life.
  • With each new cycle, the symptoms get worse.
  • Attacks of severe menstrual pain started after 25 years.

The gynecologist will ask you about the symptoms, study the medical history, and conduct an examination, including the pelvic organs. Most likely, additional studies will be needed: urine and blood tests, ultrasound, computed tomography (CT).

Sometimes a diagnostic operation is needed - laparoscopy. The surgeon makes a tiny incision in the abdomen and inserts a probe with a camera through it, which will allow you to examine the abdominal cavity and reproductive organs.

This is enough to draw conclusions about health and treat either illness or primary dysmenorrhea.

How is menstrual pain treated?

It depends on Menstrual cramps. Diagnosis and Treatment from the diagnosis. If we are talking about a disease, the doctor may prescribe antibiotics or recommend surgery that will relieve you of endometriosis and uterine fibroids.

You can also use pills to make menstrual cramps less painful. This is what Period Pain doctors usually advise.

Pain relievers

Conventional over-the-counter drugs such as ibuprofen or acetylsalicylic acid can relieve pain. Start drinking them the day before your expected period and continue for 2-3 days until symptoms disappear. Paracetamol tablets can also help, but they are less effective in this case.

Please note that ibuprofen and acetylsalicylic acid have contraindications. For example, they are dangerous to take if you have asthma, stomach, liver or kidney problems.

It is very important that even over-the-counter pain relievers are prescribed by a doctor.

If these remedies don't work, ask your gynecologist for more powerful prescription medications, such as naproxen or codeine.

Hormonal contraceptives

Birth control pills contain hormones that prevent ovulation, and at the same time make Period Pain thinner the lining of the uterus. It is easier to get rid of such mucous membrane, so less prostaglandins are produced, and the uterus contracts less vigorously during menstruation.

The same hormones can be obtained in other ways, not only in pills. For example, it can be:

  • injections;
  • hormonal patches that are applied to the skin;
  • implants that are implanted under the skin of the hand;
  • an intrauterine device with a hormonal effect.

Can anything other than pills help?

Yes. Sometimes, lifestyle changes are enough to ease the pain of your period.

It is impossible to say for sure that all the items from the list below will definitely help you, because each organism has its own reactions. So try Menstrual cramps. Diagnosis and Treatment take turns and listen to your well-being.

  1. Sleep at least 8 hours a day. Make sure to find time to relax.
  2. Exercise regularly. Anyone: jogging and stretching can help. For physical activity that can relieve pain during menstruation, doctors refer to Menstrual cramps. Diagnosis and Treatment and Sex.
  3. Use heat during cramping. The best option is to crawl under the covers and sit with a mug of hot tea. You can apply a heating pad to your lower abdomen. A warm bath or shower works too. Dress warmly if you need to get out of the house and get busy. Choose clothes that do not create discomfort in the abdominal area: tight jeans and belts that cut into the body will wait a few days.
  4. Try to gently massage your belly with your fingers. It can also Painful Menstrual Periods: Causes, Treatments & More relieve pain.
  5. Try to be less nervous and learn to control your stress.
  6. Try nutritional supplements. There is evidence that vitamin E, omega-3 fatty acids, vitamins B1 (thiamine), B6, magnesium can Menstrual cramps. Diagnosis and Treatment to reduce menstrual cramps. Herbal supplements such as fennel have a similar effect.

If you don't mind alternative medicine, consider acupuncture. Menstrual cramps also benefit from this procedure, according to the Mayo Clinic US Medical Research Center. Diagnosis and Treatment to make periods less painful.

Is it possible to get rid of pain during menstruation once and for all?

If we get lucky. It is generally observed that the pain caused by primary dysmenorrhea gradually decreases with age.

Many women also report that they feel better after having children. But, unfortunately, it is not a fact that this will work in your case. Your menstrual pain may stay with you until menopause.

However, this is not a reason to endure. Talk to your doctor and work with him to find pain relievers and other drugs that will help you get rid of the discomfort. Yes, it can take months, but the reward is a life without intermittent pain.

This article was originally published in October 2017. In March 2021, we updated the text.

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