Table of contents:
- Find the right place
- Decide on the size
- Choose a shape
- Lay the foundation
- Tie the base
- Make the floor
- Assemble the frame
- Carry out the top strapping
- Select the type and material of the roof
- Assemble the rafter system
- Mount the roof
- Sew up the walls
- See examples of building gazebos with your own hands
2023 Author: Malcolm Clapton | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-05-22 06:26
Put in a little effort, and you will have a cozy space for relaxation and sincere gatherings with friends.
Find the right place
A flat area or a small hill will do to protect the foundation from precipitation. It is desirable that a good view of the surroundings opens from this place.
Otherwise, it all depends on your preferences. The gazebo can be either next to the house or in the back of the garden closer to its border. In the first case, it is convenient to use it as a dining room, in the second - as a place of solitude for relaxing or reading.
If there is a lot of sun on the site, it is better to place the gazebo in the shade of trees. If the summer is short and does not pamper with warmth, choose an open lawn.
Decide on the size
Little gazebo 2 × 2 m / prom.st
Medium gazebo 3.5 × 4.5 m / fastbox.su
First of all, it depends on the number of people who will regularly gather for recreation. It is also important to consider whether the building will include, in addition to a table with chairs, a hammock, barbecue and other equipment.
Gazebos are conventionally divided into three types:
- Small ones (up to 10 m²), designed for 4-6 people, do not have a kitchen area and are more suitable for a family. The optimal size is 3 × 3 m. The more modest option is 2 × 2 m.
- Medium (10–20 m²) - can easily accommodate 10–15 people, that is, hosts and one or two guest families. The area allows you to highlight the recreation area and the kitchen. The optimal size is 4 × 4 m or 3 × 5 m.
- Large (over 20 m²) - for noisy companies for 20 or more people. Popular sizes: 5 × 5 m and 6 × 6 m, as well as 5 × 6 m and 5 × 7 m.
The height of the gazebo should be at least 2–2, 2 m from the floor to the eaves of the roof. For large buildings, it is worth increasing this parameter, otherwise the appearance will turn out to be disproportionate.
Choose a shape
The visual beauty largely depends on the shape of the gazebo. In construction, the easiest are square and rectangular. Round and polygonal ones look much more advantageous, but they require more labor and materials.
For small buildings, it is better to choose a square shape. Mediums can be done by any. But large gazebos are preferable to build six- or octagonal, so that they look more elegant.
Lay the foundation
Without a solid foundation, only purchased gazebos with a roll frame and a cover from an awning can be used. For everyone else, at least an easy foundation is needed.
Since the weight of such structures is small, the use of monolithic and strip foundations is impractical. The columnar foundation is optimal. It is suitable for all types of gazebos, except for brick ones.
Proceed like this:
- Mark the perimeter of the future building. Mark the locations of the corner, intermediate and center pillars. The distance between them should be 1.5–2 m.
- Dig or drill holes 0.5–0.8 m deep. Pour a layer of rubble at the bottom of each and tamp it down. Then a layer of sand, which is also compacted.
- Form formwork 20–25 cm high from planks, plywood or sewer pipes to form the above-ground portion of the posts.
- Pour the pillars out of the concrete. Place the reinforcement inside for strength. If desired, you can install threaded anchors for easy attachment of the bottom piping.
Tie the base
It is needed to evenly distribute the load and fasten all the pillars into a monolithic structure.
As a rule, a beam of 100 × 100 mm is used, which is installed on the posts through a waterproofing layer. For example, pieces of roofing material. At the junction points, the timber is cut in half of the section and connected with galvanized (yellow) screws or nails. If there are anchors, then the tree is drilled and attached to them with nuts and washers.
To protect wood from rotting and insects, treat it with a special compound or old engine oil.
With the small size of the gazebo, it is enough to strap only around the perimeter. If the length of the building is more than 2 meters, one or more beams are additionally installed in the center.
Make the floor
There are several options. The simplest is plank flooring, which is great for wooden structures and is the most commonly used one. You can also make a regular concrete screed or lay paving slabs. These floors are good for pavilions and sheds with a metal frame and permanent brick arbors.
It is convenient to do it immediately after strapping, and only then assemble the frame on the boardwalk. To do this, place the logs in a level with the beams with a step of 50–70 cm and lay the board on top, securing it with nails.
You can fill the floor both at the start and at the end of construction. Remove the fertile soil layer and set the formwork from boards around the perimeter. Sprinkle the area with a layer of sand 10-15 cm and tamp well. Then put 10 cm of crushed stone in a second layer and also compact. Prepare the grout and fill the screed. For strength, you can lay a reinforcing mesh inside.
It can be mounted immediately or at the end of the work. For laying, first remove the soil layer. Next, prepare a sand cushion and compact it thoroughly. Then install the borders around the perimeter and lay the tiles from the corner.
Assemble the frame
Depending on the chosen design, the frame racks can be made from a wooden beam 100 × 100 mm - 150 × 150 mm or a metal profile. The bar is fastened with screws and additionally fixed with a fixing angle. The metal is connected by welding or bolting.
Regardless of the material, the frame is installed in the corners of the building and on the sides of the doorway. With a long span between the main racks, intermediate ones are added. After leveling, the frame is temporarily fixed with jibs made of wooden slats.
At a height of about 1 m along the perimeter of the structure, horizontal beams of 100 × 100 mm or metal pipes are mounted. They will connect the frame and serve as a railing. They need to be reinforced with diagonal braces to give the structure rigidity.
Carry out the top strapping
It is done in the same way as the lower one. The harness connects the frame posts and serves as the base for the roof.
If desired, the upper contour can even be made together with the lower one, and then raised and secured at the right time.
Select the type and material of the roof
The roof configuration depends on the shape of the building itself.
- Single-slope - the easiest to manufacture and in appearance, it is convenient for a square and rectangular gazebo.
- Gable - suitable for rectangular buildings.
- Four-slope hip and hip and multi-slope - the most complex and beautiful, suitable for a square and polygonal gazebo.
For roofing, use any material based on your budget and personal preference. Ondulin, bituminous shingles and polycarbonate are easier and more convenient to use for beginners. Profiled sheet and metal tiles will be more troublesome, especially on a roof of complex shape.
If there are already other buildings on the site, then the roof should be in harmony with them. However, this is true only for cases when the gazebo is located next to the house. If it is located separately or in the back of the garden, the roof can be of any kind.
Assemble the rafter system
To reduce the snow load, the roof slope angle must be at least 30 degrees. The rafters are assembled into trusses on the ground and rise upward or are installed directly on the upper harness.
Depending on the type of roof, a crate (for metal tiles, profiled sheets) or a solid base (for flexible tiles) is stuffed over the rafters.
Mount the roof
The technology for installing the roofing material is different in each case, but in general it is performed in the following order.
First, the coating is installed, and then the additional elements: ridge and end strips. The drainage system is installed last, if it is provided for by the project.
Sew up the walls
The final stage of construction is wall decoration. As a rule, only the lower part is sheathed up to the level of the railing, and everything above is left open. There are tons of options for every taste and budget:
- Lining, block house, OSB slabs - the wood looks good and additionally holds the structure together.
- Polycarbonate - protects from the wind, but transmits light. Easy to assemble.
- The professional sheet is a solid wall, it gives shade and protects from the wind.
- Decorative grille - suitable for both the bottom and the top of the walls.
- Climbing plants - a dense hedge will protect from the sun and rain as well as solid walls, while looking nicer.
- Leave it as it is - the design will be well blown and look very elegant.
See examples of building gazebos with your own hands
1. The simplest gazebo
The design is based on pentagonal trusses, which are interconnected and simultaneously serve as a base, walls and a roof. Benches are also attached to them.
2. Gazebo with a pitched roof
A fairly simple configuration that can be easily replicated in any size. Although it looks ugly, it does an excellent job with its functions.
3. Small hexagonal gazebo
A beautiful structure with a block house lower part, decorative grille and metal roofing.
4. Square gazebo with a soft roof
Simple construction with a hipped roof. The pillars are finished with dark lacquer, and the lower part is finished with a light block house.
5. Rectangular gazebo
The frame is made of wooden beams. The walls up to the railings are sewn up with clapboard, the roof and gables are covered with polycarbonate.
6. Light metal gazebo
The appeal of this gazebo is its hexagonal shape and simple design. The roof and lower part are made of polycarbonate.
7. Arbor from a profile pipe
The frame is made of a square tube, and the lower part and the roof are made of profiled sheet. The creator placed a brick barbecue nearby.
8. Dome arbor
An openwork gazebo made of a bent shaped tube with a table and benches. The walls and roof are covered with polycarbonate.
9. Large gazebo for 20 people
A solid structure made of massive timber under a four-pitched roof made of bituminous tiles.
10. Living gazebo
A unique variant that is literally grown. Flexible trees form green walls and domes that provide even better sun protection than traditional roofing.