Table of contents:
- 1. You ignore the signals of the traffic controller
- 2. You do not give way to the bus
- 3. You are driving an intersection of equivalent roads not according to the rules
- 4. You make a detour when only overtaking or advancing is allowed
- 5. You are overtaking in unsuitable conditions
- 6. You enter the waffle line or intersection when there is a jam
- 7. You didn't change your shoes on time
- 8. You don't notice temporary signs
- 9. You leave the scene of the accident before the arrival of the police
- 10. You back up wherever you want
2023 Author: Malcolm Clapton | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-05-22 06:26
Avoid these violations if you do not want to face a fine or even lose your license.
1. You ignore the signals of the traffic controller
Everyone knows that you cannot go if the traffic controller has his back to you. But how do you remember the meaning of the rest of his gestures? It's very simple - memorize the rhyme:
Stay in place if the traffic controller is facing or with his back to you, or his baton is pointing to your right or up.
Turn right if the rod is pointing straight at you. If it points to the left, you can drive straight, make a turn, and make a U-turn.
Pay attention to other traffic controller gestures - they are listed in.
2. You do not give way to the bus
When another car pulls away from the sidewalk or parking lot, you do not need to give way. Its driver will have to wait until a gap forms in the stream. But many people forget that in the case of buses and minibuses that leave the stop, it is necessary.
If you are moving along the lane next to the bus, and it stops in the "pocket" or on the right side of the curb and shows a left turn, you must let it pass. Even if there are several buses.
3. You are driving an intersection of equivalent roads not according to the rules
If a working traffic light is installed at the intersection, then the signs that have a lower priority are no longer valid. The same applies to intersections with traffic controllers.
If there are no traffic lights and priority signs, then intersecting roads are considered equivalent in two cases:
- They are of the same type: both with hard surface (asphalt, gravel, concrete) or unpaved.
- A corresponding sign has been established - a black cross in a red triangle.
The main thing at the intersection of equivalent roads is to let trams and vehicles approaching on your right pass. Pedestrians always have priority, on any highways and intersections.
What if, at the intersection of equivalent roads, four cars met at once and everyone needs to go forward? Then it turns out "deadlock": everyone has to miss someone. But no one wants to do this, and there is a traffic jam.
In the traffic rules, this situation is not described, and it is believed that in this case the drivers must act by agreement. That is, someone must let one pass, otherwise everyone will stand.
4. You make a detour when only overtaking or advancing is allowed
First of all, you must be clear about the difference between these concepts.
- Overtaking - it is always going to the oncoming lane to get ahead of the moving vehicle.
- Advance - this is bypassing cars that are moving in the same direction, when at the same time you do not go into the oncoming lane.
- Detour - overcoming a fixed obstacle. This can be a working construction equipment, an accident, foreign objects (for example, stones or large cargo that fell on the road), a broken down car with an alarm and an emergency stop sign. But a bus or a minibus at the time of disembarkation of passengers does not belong to fixed obstacles.
You are not entitled to a detour in the following cases:
- When there is an opportunity to drive on the right, without leaving the oncoming lane or on the side of the road.
- If there are four or more lanes.
- If the vehicle you want to bypass is.
In addition, for this maneuver, one must not enter the tram tracks of the opposite direction.
If road works with an established "Detour on the left" sign have become an obstacle, you have the right to cross a continuous (including double) one and bypass them in the oncoming lane. True, you will have to miss the cars that move along it.
5. You are overtaking in unsuitable conditions
This is one of the most dangerous maneuvers and is often prohibited. In you will find all the cases when overtaking is not allowed. For example:
- at regulated and unregulated intersections if you are driving on a secondary road;
- at pedestrian crossings, railway crossings and 100 m from them, as well as in many other areas with limited visibility;
- the car in front of you is overtaking or turned left;
- the car behind you has started overtaking;
- there are four or more lanes on the road;
- the free part of the oncoming lane is not enough for you to overtake, and you will create obstacles to other road users.
Think twice before overtaking. The minutes saved are often not worth the risk.
6. You enter the waffle line or intersection when there is a jam
Waffle markings are designed to show drivers where the intersection boundaries are. And you can only enter it or the intersection itself after all cars have finished moving and pedestrians have crossed the lanes in your direction. If you have already entered the intersection on the green one, you must complete the maneuver, be it a passage, a turn, or a lane change. And it doesn't matter what the traffic signal is, if there are no stop lines in front of it at the intersection.
But if there is a congestion on the road, you are not allowed to enter the intersection or waffle markings. The problem is that there is no definition of traffic jams in the traffic rules, so each traffic police officer interprets the concept in his own way. In general, if the cars are standing or moving much slower than the average on this section of the road, you should not go there and complicate the situation.
Even if someone honks you from behind, do not react. It's hard to keep your composure just the first few times. You don’t want to pay a fine because someone is in too much of a hurry to get you?
7. You didn't change your shoes on time
We are talking about using tires that are badly worn out or out of season. Failure to replace tires on time means risking not only money, but also your life.
B describes the guidelines for the residual tread depth for different coatings. If the tires have wear indicators, everything is simple: wash before them, then - for tire fitting. If not, you'll have to sort out the categories and arm yourself with a ruler to measure the remaining tread.
For any vehicle that can be driven with a category B license, including passenger cars, this standard is 1.6 millimeters. And for a motorcycle - half as much. The heavier the car and the more dangerous its skid, the deeper the tread pattern should be.
Even if your tires are relatively new and fit for the season, you can still run into a fine. For example, if there are not enough nuts on the wheels, the tread is peeling or tires of different types are installed on the same axle, including with and without studs, this is also a violation.
8. You don't notice temporary signs
Signs on a yellow background - temporary restrictions or changes to the rules generally in force in this area. They are often installed due to roadworks, bicycle races, or other events. Temporary orange markings are also sometimes applied.
What is the priority of signs and markings in this case? Top to bottom - from the most important to the weakest:
- Yellow signs.
- White signs.
- Orange markings.
- White markings.
Observe yellow signs is necessary: fines for breaking the rules, as for ordinary signs. If the yellow signs contradict the white ones, you need to be guided by the yellow ones. The same is with the markings: you need to drive in orange, not white.
In this case, the action of signs on a yellow background can be canceled by signs on a white background. Traffic police officers often try to prove the opposite, but there is no such clause in the rules.
9. You leave the scene of the accident before the arrival of the police
If you have parked and scratched the fence, it is unlikely that you would ever worry about its fate. But this is an accident, so the only correct decision is to stay put and call the police. Otherwise, it can be done by the owner of the infrastructure (fence, parking post, wall, and so on).
Leaving a gas station with a hose in the gas tank is also an accident. The good news is that hose guns are now magnetised. If such an element is pulled, it will not break - it is safer this way.
Why can't you leave the scene of an accident? Perhaps the situation was caught on a surveillance camera or your number was recorded by witnesses. In such cases, you run the risk of losing your license, because you fled from the scene of the accident.
But there are exceptions: if a person is injured as a result of an accident and you cannot wait for an ambulance, so you take him to the hospital yourself, this is not considered a violation. But then you should immediately return.
Regardless of the severity of the incident, if you escape from the scene of an accident, you can be sentenced to 1–1.5 years or be arrested for 15 days. Yes, for the scratched fence.
What if you hit the parking lot? Watch recordings from cameras. Even if you decide not to bring it to court, there is a good chance to repair the bumper or fender at the expense of the person responsible for the accident.
10. You back up wherever you want
You can lose your rights, even if you just give it back a little in the wrong place. The good news: there are not so many sites where this is. These are intersections, tunnels, pedestrian crossings and railway crossings, transport stops, as well as bridges, overpasses, overpasses and areas under them, places where at least one direction can see less than 100 m of the road.
There are also more non-obvious norms. For example, if you pass backwards under a "brick", then the traffic police can interpret this as going out onto a one-way road, which is a fine or even deprivation of rights for up to six months. If the "brick" is installed at the entrance to the courtyard, this is minus 500 rubles.