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What to do if you are sunburned
What to do if you are sunburned

Simple tips on how to protect your skin from ultraviolet radiation and how to help yourself if you are already burned.

What to do if you are sunburned
What to do if you are sunburned

Sunburn is an unpleasant injury that is caused by damage to the skin due to the action of ultraviolet radiation. The skin turns red, becomes sensitive, sore and itches. And after a few days, when the redness disappears and irritation decreases, peeling appears, the skin exfoliates.

Most often we get burned on beaches, where sand and water reflect the sun's rays directly on us, and in the mountains, where ultraviolet radiation is stronger. People with white skin and freckles are especially unlucky.

How to cure sunburn

  • As soon as you feel that your skin turns red, immediately hide from the sun, preferably in a cool room.
  • Drink as much as possible to replace fluid loss and help your skin heal faster.
  • Cool the skin under cool water for 20 minutes. A cold compress can help: dampen a soft cloth with water and apply to the burn area.
  • You can drink paracetamol or ibuprofen to relieve pain.
  • Treat the burn with special panthenol-based products. It is especially convenient to use products in the form of a spray to treat burns.
  • Do not smear the reddened place with sour cream and other folk remedies so that the affected skin does not have to fight against allergies or bacteria.
  • Hide from the sun and wear loose, natural fabrics until your skin heals.

When to run to the doctor

This is not to say that sunburn is a trifle that should not be paid attention to. According to the WHO, ultraviolet light directly affects the risk of developing skin cancer. And the burn says just that you have gone too far with ultraviolet light. In some cases, a doctor should be consulted immediately:

  • You were badly burned: you didn't just burn your shoulders and nose, but, say, burned to the waist. The larger the area of the burn, the more dangerous it is.
  • The temperature has risen and you are shivering.
  • Severely aching and dizzy, nauseous.
  • Blisters and swelling appeared on the skin.

In these cases, the doctor will prescribe additional treatment.

How to avoid sunburn

The likelihood of sunburn depends on the UV Index. The higher it is, the more protection is needed. There is a sample table in which you can look at latitude when and where the sun is dangerous. If the UV index is below three, then sun protection is not needed, if it is below seven, a moderate one is needed, and if it is above these values, you need to hide from the sun. In the summer you need to protect your skin almost everywhere, especially if you have a lot of moles or someone has skin cancer in your family.

How to do it:

  • Use sunscreen. The higher the UV index, the stronger the protection factor must be. Do not spare the cream. For reliable protection, an adult needs 6-8 teaspoons of lotion, and do not forget to smear it on the neck and ears.
  • Don't wait for the skin to heat up. Sunburn is invisible because the wind or water on the beach cools the skin. And when she starts to hurt, it's too late. So don't let the weather fool you, the wind doesn't stop the sun from burning you.
  • Go out into the sun in minutes. Even if you want to get a tan, then crawl out in the sun for a short time, for 10-15 minutes, and rest in the shade. For this, special applications have even been invented that suggest how much and how you can be in the sun.

And remember that children shouldn't sunbathe at all. To produce vitamin D, it is enough to walk in the shade of trees in the summer, rather than frying in a beach pan.

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