Table of contents:
- Find a light source
- Move your subject away from the light source
- Open your aperture and take a picture
2023 Author: Malcolm Clapton | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-07-28 10:38
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You have probably seen more than once pictures in which the main subject is in focus, and beautiful circles of different colors are visible against an indistinct background. This effect is called bokeh, and you can easily achieve it without post-processing.
Find a light source
To create beautiful bokeh, light is indispensable. One of the easiest ways is to use the New Year's lights. City lights at night or the evening sun shining through tree branches will also work great. You can even use crumpled foil lit by a lamp or flash.
It's good if the light source is small. It is even better if there are several of them. The sun itself will not help achieve the desired effect, but the light passing through the leaves is quite. Remember that the color of the sources will also be visible in the photo. Take advantage of this.
Move your subject away from the light source
Beginners often place the subject they plan to focus on close to the background. In this case, this is a gross mistake: the further the object is from the background, the more the latter will be blurred.
Distance also affects the size of the light circles: they decrease as the main subject moves away from the background.
If you see that your subject is too dark, try lighting it up, for example by bouncing the light off with a piece of paper. As a last resort, you can use a flash or flashlight.
Open your aperture and take a picture
The background blur is also affected by the aperture, that is, the hole in the lens. The wider you open it, the more pronounced the bokeh effect will be.
Set the camera to aperture priority mode. For example, on Nikon cameras it is designated by the letter A, on Canon - Av.
Then choose a low number, such as f / 1, 8. Remember that the larger the number, the more the hole is blocked. You definitely don't need f / 16 aperture, otherwise not only the subject will be sharp, but also the background.
If you have a regular soap dish or smartphone, try turning on portrait mode. However, in this case, you should not rely on spectacular bokeh: lenses of cheap cameras often do not allow achieving it.
When everything is set up, focus on the main subject and take a picture. Congratulations! Now you have one more cool photo in your collection.
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