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2023 Author: Malcolm Clapton | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-05-22 06:26
A life hacker will explain how to use henna and basma, combine them correctly and create interesting shades using other herbal ingredients.
Natural paints are not as harmful as chemical ones. On the contrary, henna makes curls stronger and shinier, and basma prevents dandruff. Although with frequent use, they can make hair dry and brittle.
Natural dyeing is always a bit of an experiment. The result depends on many factors: the quality of henna or basma, the exposure time, the original color and even the structure of the hair.
It is difficult to predict how this or that composition will behave on your head. Indeed, unlike chemical paints, such paints are prepared at home and do not undergo laboratory tests. But if you're ready to experiment, read carefully to the end.
- Hair clips.
- Brush. Many people find it more convenient to apply and distribute natural paint with their hands, but it is still better to work with a special brush.
- Shower cap or plastic bag. This is necessary to create a thermal effect.
- Old towel and clothes. If henna or basma gets on the fabric, it will be very difficult to remove the stains. Better to use unnecessary things.
- Non-metallic cookware.
The amount of powder depends on the thickness and length of the hair. Usually 30-50 g is enough for short hair, 100-150 g for medium hair, and 200-250 g for long hair.
Henna is a green powder made from dried leaves of Lawsonia. This shrub grows in the hot countries of Asia and Africa.
By origin, henna is divided into Indian, Iranian, Sudanese, Pakistani and so on. The first two are most often found on sale. Indian henna gives a reddish tint, and Iranian henna gives a copper tint.
The main coloring matter of henna is henno-tannin acid. The more it is, the brighter the color when painting. Also, henna contains chlorophyll, pectins, polysaccharides, essential oils and vitamins.
When dyed, henna gives a rich color that lasts for a very long time.
Do not confuse henna with paints based on it or with its addition. So, the white henna offered in stores does not exist in nature.
When buying, pay attention to the color of the powder. It can be from light green to marsh. A brown tint indicates the expiration of the henna.
If you decide to switch to natural paints after chemical ones, wait until the pigment of the latter is thoroughly washed off. After a perm, at least 2 weeks should pass.
Henna is bred in a non-metallic container. The powder is poured with hot, but not boiling water (75–90 ° C) and stirred well. As a result, you should get a homogeneous mass without lumps, resembling thick sour cream in consistency.
Sometimes honey, olive or essential oils are added to henna to enhance the healing effect, and decoctions of various herbs are added to create more interesting shades. But more on that later.
Henna is applied to clean, dry hair. After that, a shower cap or plastic bag is put on the head and wrapped in a towel.
The exposure time depends on the original hair color and the desired shade. The longer you hold the henna, the brighter the color turns out. It takes at least three hours to become a burning red-haired beast.
It is difficult to rinse off henna, but it is important to rinse out all the herbal powder. After staining for 2-3 days, do not wash your hair with shampoo and use balm.
Basma is a light green powder made from dried indigo leaves.
Since ancient times, oriental women have dyed their hair and eyebrows with basma. It contains tannins, minerals and vitamins. They nourish the scalp and add shine to the hair.
Basma is rarely used on its own, only if they want to get a black and green hue. Basma is usually mixed with henna. The result of coloring in this case depends on the proportion, original color and thickness of the hair.
|Basma to henna ratio||Result|
|2: 1||Dark chestnut to black|
|1: 2||Copper chestnut|
Basma is bred in the same way as henna, only using less water. Sometimes glycerin or vegetable oil is added to make the mass more viscous and not drip from the hair.
The dyeing procedure is no different: apply to hair, wrap your head with plastic, stand for a couple of hours and rinse with plenty of water.
In addition to henna and basma, other natural substances are also used for hair dyeing. As a rule, in the form of decoctions. But it is important to understand that these are more natural tint shampoos than paints.
Decoctions can be used as stand-alone products or added to henna and basma to create unusual shades. For example, if the owner of blond hair wants to muffle the reddishness of henna, she should dilute the powder with a decoction of chamomile or rhubarb. In this case, the hair will not be orange, but with a golden tint.
If you are brown-haired and you are intimidated by the red hue of henna, mix it with coffee. It will extinguish redness, the color will be calmer. In a word, do not be afraid to experiment since you have already decided on natural coloring.
For blondes and fair-haired
To give the curls a golden hue will help:
- chamomile … Pour 2 tablespoons of flowers with 1 liter of water. Boil for 5 minutes, cool and apply to hair. Do not rinse.
- Lindens … Pour 6 tablespoons of linden flowers with 500 ml of water. Bring to a boil over low heat, let cool to room temperature, apply to hair and hold for 40 minutes. Then wash off without shampoo.
- Rhubarb … Pour 500 g of chopped rhubarb with 1 liter of cold water. Bring to a boil over high heat, then reduce heat and simmer until the amount of water is halved. Cool and apply to hair. Do not rinse.
For brown-haired women and brunettes
- Oak bark … Makes hair 2–4 shades darker. Pour 4 tablespoons of chopped oak bark with a liter of boiling water. Let it brew for a couple of hours, strain and wash your hair with a solution.
- Onion peel … Gives a cherry tint. Pour 100 g of onion husks with 500 ml of water. Boil for 30 minutes, cool and apply to hair.
- Coffee or strong black tea … These substances give the hair a chocolate shade. Brew strong ground coffee or tea. Then dilute it with water: 3 tablespoons of coffee or tea for each glass of water. Apply to hair and do not rinse.
Write in the comments about your experience of staining with henna and basma. What natural ingredients have you added to them or used separately?