Table of contents:
- 1. Age
- 2. Health status
- 3. Physical data
- 4. Temperament
- 4. Expenses for classes
- 5. Personal preferences of the child
2023 Author: Malcolm Clapton | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-05-22 06:26
It is important to instill healthy habits and at the same time not cause aversion to physical activity.
Every parent dreams of seeing their child not only smart, but also healthy. Therefore, sooner or later, he asks himself a reasonable question about a suitable sports section. In order for classes to really be beneficial, and not harmful, several factors must be taken into account when choosing a discipline.
In the Russian SanPiNs, THE MINIMUM AGE OF ENROLLING CHILDREN IN SPORT SCHOOLS BY SPORT, the following recommendations are prescribed on the minimum age for enrolling children in sports sections:
- 6 years old - gymnastics (girls), figure skating, rhythmic gymnastics.
- 7 years - acrobatics, aerobics, tennis and table tennis, gymnastics (boys), darts, swimming, diving and trampolining, rock and roll, synchronized swimming, sports dances, wushu, freestyle, chess, checkers, shaping.
- 8 years old - badminton, basketball, biathlon, golf, alpine skiing, orienteering, sports tourism, football.
- 9 years old - baseball, water polo, volleyball, handball, speed skating and sailing, athletics, cross-country skiing, ski jumping, rugby, softball, ball hockey, short track. And - unexpectedly - small towns and rounders.
- 10 years - arm wrestling, boxing, wrestling (freestyle and Greco-Roman), cycling, rowing, judo, equestrian and luge sports, contact karate, bullet shooting, powerlifting, pentathlon, sambo, rock climbing, triathlon, taekwondo, weightlifting, fencing.
- 11 years old - archery, clay pigeon shooting.
- 12 years old - bobsled.
Age norms in sports are given roughly.
Some children are 2-3 years ahead of their peers in terms of physical development and can start training earlier.
But besides state sports schools, where champions are raised, there are a lot of private clubs and sections where they enroll at any age - almost from the cradle. If your goal is not medals, namely harmonious development and health, adhere to the following age guide, which is based on the advice of trainers and doctors.
At this age, children are already able to master many basic movements, but it is still difficult for them to concentrate and methodically practice filigree techniques. The most suitable for preschoolers will be general strengthening activities that will help you better know your body and learn how to control it.
For these purposes, swimming, running, jumping and somersaults, rock climbing, lightweight versions of aikido and taekwondo are good. It's great if you can switch between different types of physical activity.
Let's say your child (not you) enjoys figure skating, rhythmic gymnastics, or dancing. It is better to sign up for such sections early. Ligaments in children are more elastic, so it is easier for them to develop the necessary flexibility and plasticity.
But it is not recommended to play football or hockey under 6 years old - the athlete's ankle is not yet strong enough.
6-9 years old
At this age, children can hold attention for a long time, they are more coordinated and better follow the coach's commands than preschoolers. Therefore, take a look at athletics, martial arts, game sports.
But with tennis it is better not to rush - let the child's back get stronger. When a tennis player is struck, the upper spine is strongly twisted. And if the muscles and ligaments are underdeveloped, playing on the court is likely to lead to right-sided scoliosis. Start with badminton, which develops great speed and reaction, but is less traumatic and does not require as much punching force.
The main thing is not to overdo it with loads: training six times a week for 2-3 hours is not a test for everyone. Chronic overwork does not improve health, but on the contrary, leads to muscle weakening, decreased tone and poor posture.
10-12 years old
Children 10 years old are already able to think strategically and begin to play football, basketball or volleyball more consciously. Many boys grow up to play hockey: it is easier for them to move around the field in rather heavy equipment.
After 10, when the back has strengthened and muscles have grown, the child is physiologically ready to engage in boxing, wrestling and power sports. Also, disciplines using traumatic equipment are becoming available: cycling, fencing, archery, equestrian sports.
At this age, you can start serious training and work for the result. But remember that the stress and risk of injury in professional sports is several times higher than in amateur sports.
2. Health status
Before signing up for the sports section, it is advisable to consult a pediatrician. Especially if the child has health problems. The doctor will tell you which activities will help correct them, and which, on the contrary, will aggravate them.
There are no health restrictions for table tennis, wushu, horse riding.
And, for example, game sports (football, hockey, volleyball, basketball), boxing, wrestling, weightlifting are not suitable for myopic CONTRAINDICATIONS FOR SPORTING.
Cardiovascular pathologies - a serious obstacle Contraindications for sports for children for skiing and cross-country skiing, hockey, judo. And peptic ulcer or duodenal ulcer can be exacerbated by playing training and tennis.
Winter sports (hockey, skiing, figure skating) and swimming are contraindicated for children with chronic respiratory diseases.
But a child with scoliosis, stoop, flat feet or other disorders of the musculoskeletal system, on the contrary, will benefit from the pool. In general, swimming is an optimal activity for a variety of disorders, from myopia and diabetes mellitus to gastritis and obesity.
3. Physical data
Sometimes caring dads and mothers send a child to a certain section so that he grows up there, lose weight, or somehow “change for the better”. For example, a large girl of athletic build is brought to figure skating or gymnastics, a short man - to basketball, and an awkward chubby boy is enrolled in a section where speed and dexterity are especially appreciated.
Not the fact that the goal of the parents will be achieved. But almost certainly the child will feel humiliated, will not get pleasure from the classes and will acquire complexes.
If a student has problems with being overweight, take him to swimming, martial arts or hockey, where large dimensions can be an advantage. Tall children will be welcomed with open arms to volleyball or basketball, even if they are not yet too agile and mobile. People who are not tall will be happy in gymnastics and acrobatics.
In order for sports not to turn into torture, the type of temperament must also be taken into account.
Active, extremely agile and sensitive children with immediate reactions usually feel comfortable in team playing sports. Agility and explosive nature will come in handy in basketball, football, volleyball.
They are all-rounders that adapt to any sport. They are friendly, they know how to extinguish conflicts in a team, they are reckless, although sanguine people sometimes do not have enough patience to achieve their goals. Under the supervision of an experienced coach, a child with such a temperament obeys both team and single sports, where you can express yourself vividly: fencing, rock climbing, tennis, boxing.
Slow, calm, and consistent children are better at coping with monotonous endurance training. They are born long-distance runners, bicycle marathoners, skiers and weightlifters.
These children are characterized by increased emotionality and sensitivity against the background of isolation. As a rule, they take defeat hard, so activities where there is no sports passion and competition are suitable for them. Amateur rhythmic gymnastics, dancing, yoga, equestrian sports not only contribute to physical development, but also have a beneficial effect on the nervous system.
4. Expenses for classes
When choosing a section, you need to take into account your financial capabilities. Some activities are quite costly. Tennis, hockey, skiing and equestrian sports will require significant investments. This includes renting grounds, paying for individual trainings, and expensive equipment.
For example, the cost of the equipment of a young slope conqueror reaches $ 1,000. A set of uniforms and protection for a little hockey player - $ 300. Add in golf clubs that cost $ 100 and break constantly. Also, keep in mind that you need to buy equipment every year - after all, your child is growing.
The same badminton, football, basketball or athletics will cost much less.
5. Personal preferences of the child
In fact, this is the main factor. Let the child try himself in different types of activity and decide for himself what suits him best. In many sports clubs, the first training session is free. This is a handy option that allows you to consider several options - and give your kids a choice.